3.1 Ubuntu

By Chou Khamkeuang

Ubuntu is a Linux operating system. It is open source meaning that the code is free to be looked at, and changed by anyone in the world.

Linux is designed in a way where each component of the operating system are like pieces that are put together to make the operating system. Components of Ubuntu are also open source, and maintained by other groups of people that are not part of Ubuntu. For example, the graphical user interface is considered a component of Ubuntu. The GUI is GNOME (“Ubuntu”, n.d.), and incorporated into Ubuntu as its desktop. There are other options as well such as KDE. In version 18.04, Ubuntu uses GNOME3.

The GUI is easy to navigate. There is a top bar that has the date and time in the middle. In the upper right corner, the network settings, volume, battery, power, and settings can be found. In the left corner, they have Activities which allows you to see applications that are currently opened, or search for ones that are installed.

There is a dock which has shortcut icons for most used applications. Those can be customized. The dock has more settings. One of them allows the dock to be moved at the bottom of the screen or on the side.

There is an icon with nine dots which allows to view all applications that are installed or most frequent applications.

There are third party software which can be searched in Ubuntu Software. Software can also be found by searching on the internet.

Most software that is used in Windows and Mac can sometimes be found for Linux as well. It depends on the software company if they decided to make one for Linux or not. For example, Google Chrome and Firefox are available for Ubuntu as well.

If there is a software that is not available for Ubuntu, most likely there are people in the open source community that would have created one. They can be found simply by searching the internet. For example, there is no Microsoft Word for Linux. Instead, Linux users will often use LibreOffice for writing documents or use Google Docs.

The advantage of Ubuntu is that it is free and it is open source. For advanced users, Linux has a Terminal which allows to use the operating system without the need for a GUI. Everything is done using text commands.

The limitations are that some of the software that are available for Windows or Mac are not available for Ubuntu. For example, Adobe, iTunes, and Microsoft Office are not available for Ubuntu.


Ubuntu. (n.d.). Introduction to GNOME. https://help.ubuntu.com/lts/ubuntu-help/shell-introduction.html.en